As a pediatric occupational therapist working with kids of all a while, I see all developmental levels and no age group is more various than the five-yr-historic. Five-12 months-olds getting into into kindergarten come from a gigantic variety of backgrounds. Some had been in daycare or preschools for years before starting kindergarten, utilising finger paint, scissors, crayons, studying how to take a seat on the carpet for story time, learning the best way to stroll quietly in a line down the hallway, studying to wait their flip for a toy throughout play time. Others come from very enriched dwelling environments the place mothers and fathers practice ABC’s, writing names, memorizing addresses and tying sneakers, whilst a small crew include little or no preparation, having in no way held a pair of scissors or even a crayon. I’ve noticeable children start kindergarten not figuring out their final title.
Some tuition districts reward parents with big packets of know-how and movements to prepare the budding kindergartener. Some faculties preserve assessments, expertise classes, and on line tutorials, at the same time different districts furnish no pre-kindergarten information at all. It’s by no means too early to working on kindergarten-competent expertise. Listed below are some universal advantage that kindergarten teachers will assume your little scholars to be all set with once they stroll by means of the door on the first day of kindergarten.
LETTERS AND WORDS:
- Recognize and name at least 10 letters of the alphabet.
- Match letters with the beginning sounds of words: B, Banana
- Recognize rhyming words: cat, hat
- Recognize letters of their name.
- Understand concepts such as top/bottom, big/little.
- Use the words “more” and “less” correctly.
- Recognize and name at least 5 colors.
To help your child learn these skills do these things:
- Read to your child.
- Point out letters in books and on signs.
- Sing the alphabet.
- Use a highlighter to highlight letters on cereal boxes or in magazines.
- Designate a letter of the day.
- Point out letters on license plates.
- Trace letters in hair gel, in the bath tub in shaving cream, write with sidewalk chalk and with a paint brush in water on the sidewalk.
- Learn large to small and with their hands first.
- Make letters out of blocks, uncooked spaghetti, and strips of paper.
- Write letters in a sand tray.
- Make an alphabet book with each page as a letter.
- Cut pictures out of magazines for each letter.
- Use magnetic letters.
- Eat alphabet soup.
- Play concept games, “what is bigger?”
- Ask your child to put a book on top of her head, under her feet, on the chair, beside the chair. This is important for spatial skills and directionality.
- Designate a color day, wear that color, look for that color, make that color of food, etc.
- Play the matching game.
- Put construction paper on the floor in 4 different colors and have your child go around the house and find small items that match the color to put them on the piece of construction paper.
- Use colored paint, finger paint, sidewalk chalk, and play dough.
- Speak in complete sentences.
- Follow directions with at least two steps.
- Ask questions about the world around them.
- Re-tell simple stories after listening to them.
- Make simple predictions about the story being read to them.
- Hold book appropriately, turn pages and look at pictures and some words to get an idea of the story.
To help your child learn these skills, read to your child, encourage conversation, ask about their day, at dinner ask best and worst and funniest thing that happened all day. Sing songs, nursery rhymes, and finger plays. Ask your child to articulate things, such as what are his three favorite things about himself, and why? If he mispronounces words, gently correct articulation.
NUMBERS AND SHAPES:
- Count from 1-20 in order.
- Put written numerals in order from 1-10.
- Draw a line, a circle, an x and a +.
- Recognize and name simple shapes.
Counting with one-to-one correspondence is the foundation for early math skills, but this can be difficult for kids to coordinate. There are tons of opportunities to count: toys, cars, french fries . . .
CONCEPTS (SAME, DIFFERENT, PATTERNS):
- See the number 3 and understand this means 3 objects.
- Add and subtract familiar objects, such as cheerios.
- Match two pictures that are alike.
- Sort items into like categories.
- Put 3 pictures in order by sequence: Planting flower seed, flower growing, picking flower.
- Put on jacket independently.
- Attempt zippers and buttons.
- Attempt to tie shoes.
- Use bathroom and wash hands independently.
- Open food containers independently.
- Use good habits (chew with mouth closed, cover mouth when coughing).
- Tell first and last name, full address and telephone number.
- Recognize dangerous or harmful objects or situations.
Practice these skills early and often. Praise your child for his independence.
GROSS MOTOR SKILLS:
- Run, jump, hop on one foot with ease.
- Balance on one foot with hands on hips for 10 seconds.
- Stand on tip toes for 8 seconds.
- Imitate movements.
- Do at least 5 sit-ups.
- Skip for at least 10 steps.
- Throw ball underhand and catch ball in both hands.
- Kick a ball.
Play sports in the back yard, work with large balls, then smaller, encourage climbing and pushing and pulling things to build strength. Yoga is great for building core strength. Act out animals for full body movement. Old fashion obstacle courses and wheelbarrow races are also great practice for gross motor skills.
FINE MOTOR SKILLS:
- Hold pencil and crayon with tripod (three finger) grasp.
- Trace letters, shapes and numbers.
- Write letters of name.
- Write numbers 1-10.
- Cut out patterns with scissors.
- Lace string through lacing cards.
- Draw circle, triangle, rectangle and cross.
Practice two-handed activities such as lacing cards, hole punch, stringing beads, stencils, pegboards, tearing paper, twist ties, pipe cleaners, clothes pins, zip lock bags, and eye droppers. Some great hand strengthening activities include play dough, clay, screwing and unscrewing nuts and bolts off screws, using clothespins, paperclips and legos.
For scissor skills, start cutting strips of cardboard, then straws, then paper, then shapes. Play with blocks, leggos, duplo blocks, pick up sticks, and lincoln logs. You can also play with your child with puzzles, play the piano or another instrument, use the computer keyboard, squirt bottles, and sock puppets.
SOCIAL / EMOTIONAL SKILLS: Appropriately resolves conflicts with playmates. She draws Start talking and talking to adults and other children. Or Please ”and“ Thank you “he says. It shows happiness and sadness appropriately. Accept routine changes. Seek help when needed. It follows the instructions and rules. Shows the coping skills. Help with cleaning. They wait for their turn. Respects personal spaces. Spend time with other children on the playground or set game dates. Play simple board games that require a turn with your child. Describe the emotions in books, movies, or TV shows, the model and role scenarios of sharing and congratulating others. In addition to working on these special skills, give your child new experiences, read part of each day, pay attention to letters and numbers in their daily lives, set game dates and encourage as many independence as possible. and remember that preschool education began at birth, not a month before the big yellow bus pulled home. Building on skills skills and talking to your newborn baby, you are starting to base!