Fever in infants and children is an issue that needs to be addressed very carefully. The average normal body temperature in children is 98.8 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius). However, the body temperature depends on the energy consumption of the child and even the time of day when the measurement is carried out. Children’s body temperature may rise early in the morning and late in the evening. In addition, fluctuations in body temperature during the day may occur after taking certain types of food or physical activity of the child, such a slight change in temperature is considered the norm and should not cause concern. But in which cases is fever dangerous and when you need to call a pediatrician?
Fever in kids what are the reasons?
If you play on the beach, on the Playground or just are in a hot room, your child may have a sun or heat stroke and as a result – there will be a fever. In this case, you need to immediately consult a doctor and independently provide first aid to the child before the arrival of an ambulance. It is important to prevent such cases, it must not to allow the child to be in the sun or in a stuffy room for a long time. Fever can also be part of the body’s defense against bacteria and viruses; doctors believe that when the body temperature rises, the body more effectively fights infections.
Does high fever cause brain damage?
Both you and your child may be uncomfortable, but high fever as a result of infection or illness will cause almost no brain damage. It is important to remember that your child’s temperature may continue to rise during illness. Children between the ages of 6 months and 6 years may experience short-term convulsions due to high temperatures, but even these feverish convulsions rarely cause brain damage.
In addition, you should show your child to the doctor immediately if, in addition to fever, you notice any of the following symptoms:
- severe headache,
- hard to touch the neck,
- purple-red spots on the body;
The latter may be signs of meningitis, and this is an infection in the brain. This is a very dangerous disease that can really damage the brain.
What should I do to reduce the fever?
Remove the child’s excess clothing so that he can breathe freely and nothing compresses his throat and chest. Blot your forehead, neck and collarbone area with a damp, cool cloth. To reduce the body temperature, give the baby a lot of warm drink and liquid food. Do not heat the child too much, even with chills one blanket is enough. You also prepare a warm bath, it will help to lower the temperature a little. If your child has a fever for more than two to three days, contact an emergency medical service.